# Uranium series dating range, slippery slope

Paleolithic cave art is an exceptional archive of early human symbolic behavior, but because obtaining reliable dates has been difficult, its chronology is still poorly understood after more than a century of study.

If the slope is too flat, contamination is Uranium series dating range problem. The subsamples for U-Th dating are typically drilled from a polished slab cut from the axial part of a stalagmite Fig.

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As time goes by, the uranium will decay resulting in less uranium and more thorium. Note the conservative error on this assumption. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters Suppose it is a cyclic graph like the wave in the graph below.

This can be from wind-blown or waterborne sediments.

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A Report on the University of Cambridge Excavations. The assumption is that the newly formed flowstone contains uranium but no thorium.

Time to Equilibrium In order to figure out how long it takes to reach equilibrium, we need to know decay rates. A recent article about U-series dating of Paleolithic art in 11 caves in Spain 1 contained some frank discussions about the wild assumptions that had to be made to date the paintings, and raised some interesting questions about the scientifically accepted age of the Earth.

The method is described in the supplementary material on the Science website, but not published in the journal itself. Princeton, University of Princeton Press: However, the presence of the common thorium isotope, Th, indicates the presence of contamination, and there are several methods to correct the U-series date for it.

Speleothems, despite their uniform mineralogy calcite, less commonly aragoniteoccur in a great vari- ety of forms, dimensions, and colors, and any of these can be dated by Lincolnshire echo dating methods provided their age is within the dating limit of the particular method.

## Exponential Decay

Although there are ways to replace the stalagmite with a replica, most scientific studies have not made such an attempt. Engineers and mathematicians talk about exponential decay in terms of tau because it makes the math easy.

Google Scholar Cherdyntsev, VV. If the bucket was initially filled higher than that level, water will leak out faster than the hose fills it, until equilibrium is reached. Advances in Old World Archaeology 5: Discrepancies between multiple 14C determinations on a single painted motif have been common, as are discrepancies between the dates of different chemical e.

They use a tricky method we will explain in a moment. Can one really assume that no thorium was present in the water that evaporated to form the flowstone? Jerusalem, Israel Program for Scientific Translation.

Still, with some exceptions, the majority of scientific studies have so far relied on stalagmites rather than stalactites, flowstones, or other formations. How much thorium would it take to produce a false old age for a modern formation?

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The other problem is that the paintings are presumed to be tens of thousands of years old, which is on the very flat part of the carbon 14 exponential curve, where contamination could be a problem. Detrital sediments will bring U and Th and usually will result in the apparent age of a contaminated sample to be an overestimate of the true age.

Is that assumption reasonable? The tricky method they use tells more about the age of the Earth than it does about the age of the paintings.

Sampling such fragments is clearly easier to justify than removing in situ stalagmites and still provides valuable insights into the history of a cave or the regional paleoclimate. Small holes along growth layers are samples to check for stable isotopic equilibrium.

Journal of Archaeological Science Google Scholar Condomines, M.

We, however, are interested in it because it describes radioactive decay.